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an international refereed journal for architecture, planning, development and the environment

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GBER Issue 8.3 November 2013
 

Commentary
 
Healthy City Manifesto: Can we afford to keep Urban Planning and Design away from Public Health?
Quazi M Mahtab-uz-Zaman

Abstract

Conventional notion and praxis of unravelling the discipline of ‘urban planning and design’ from ‘built environment and health’ [Corburn, 2004] has contributed to urban conditions unwieldy enough to question the liveability and sustainability [Hill & Peters, 1998] of environment.Growing evidence of unswerving yet meandering effects of the planning actions on environment; and subsequently on public health suggests bridging strong link between planners, urban designers, architects, landscape architects, zoning boards, city councils – all who make decisions on planning and urban design strategies [Botchwey et al, 2009]. By rejuvenating the subject of ‘health and the environment’, can we emphasize that the ‘environment’ should be understood as the interplay between ecology (biological), physical (natural & built), social, political, aesthetic, and economic environments [Institute of Medicine, 2001]? This commentary unfolds the notion of healthy city manifestos by exploring the theoretical linkage between urban planning and design and reinforces the needs for professionals’ dialogue in generating hybrid discipline towards sustainable outcome in built environment.


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Articles
 
China’s Paradoxical Reforms on Land and Real Estate Property Markets
Richard Hu

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse the law reforms on land and real estate property in contemporary China and point out the paradoxical nature of these reforms. This paper makes an in-depth observation of China’s land and real estate property market development through an examination the relevant law reforms, and an analysis of their inherent problems. Based on scrutinising the historical evolutions and analysing China’s contemporary political-economic contexts, this paper predicts the privatisation of land ‘with Chinese characteristics’ as a strategic solution to the paradoxical land and real estate property markets.


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Jatio Sangsad Bhaban: A Legacy of British Colonial Urban Development or American Cultural Imperialism?

Bayezid Ismail Choudhury and Peter Armstrong


Abstract
The extant literature(Ksiazek, 1993 and Hubert,1984) suggests that Jatio Sangsad Bhaban(Dhakas National Assembly Building), an iconic building initially designed and constructed for East Pakistan(now Bangladesh) by American architect Louis I Kahn between 1962-1983, was commissioned during the British post –colonial period ostensibly to demonstrate the imposition of American neo- colonial ideas and order. Contrary to this assumption this paper, drawing upon A.D. King’s constructs of Culture, Technology and Power Structure, seeks to contest this assumption, arguing that the result of this iconic building may be reinterpreted as a legacy of British Colonial Urban Development.

 
 
Reflections on the Conservation of Urban Heritage Attractions: The case of Nairobi 1898 to 1948
Ephraim W. Wahome; Mugwima B. Njuguna and Wycliff N. Nyachwaya
 

Abstract

The city of Nairobi has grown into a complex urban heritage since it sprung up as a railway camp site in 1899. Emergent historical sites reflect the global nature of the city which first developed as a colonial headquarter and later as a post-colonial capital with the trappings of metropolitan heritage. This study explores the development of touristy characteristics of historic Nairobi while vouching for their protection for posterity. This is a moral challenge given the negative perceptions of imperialism globally. However, tourism tends to transcend these perceptions as a beneficially of both colonial and post-colonial systems. The study looks at the state of preservation of the physical character of the city through existing normative procedures recommended by the World Tourism Organization (WTO). Conservation is the single most challenging social dilemma in a developing urban centre. Development is usually averse to the notion of preservation especially in an economically vibrant environment. This study has shown that Nairobi has enjoyed international links that endear it to motivated cultural tourists. By emphasizing its historic urban character, Nairobi has the prospect of transforming its economic fortunes through increased urban cultural tourism and associated business activities.

New peripheral commercial areas are emerging in Upper Hill and Parklands, outside the central business district (CBD), as well as distant locations like Tatu City and Konza Technopolis which clearly intimate that Nairobi’s position is threatened. A report by the Sunday Nation dated 20th May, 2012 indicated that the city is developing in the realm of informal employment while the formal sector is moving to other smaller towns of Nakuru, Eldoret and Kisumu. This trend is likely to continue as decentralised county governance takes root. In such a scenario most cities will result to cultural heritage tourism for their economic revival and continued relevance. Early industrial cities in Europe have largely resulted to this tactic to avoid being relegated into the status of ghost towns in the face of onslaught from upcoming and relevant urban giants in this era of globalisation.

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Book Reviews

 
Building Globalization: Transnational Architecture Production in Urban China
Reviewed by Zhumin Xu

 
The No-Nonsense Guide to Equality
Reviewed by Bernice Golding


Conference Reports
 
A Report on International Conference on Spatial and Social Transformation in Urban China
Reviewed by Prof. Donggen Wang

 
Listings
 
by Muhammed Ali Tirmizi

 
 
 
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                                                  GBER Volume 8 Issue 2   Jan 2013

 

 
Editorial
 
Commentary
 
 
Articles
 
 
 
 
 
Book Review
 
 
Conference Reports
 
 
Listings
 

 

 

 

                                   GBER Volume 8 Number 1 2012

 

Editorial

 

From an emerging global built environment to coping with global changes in economic decline: Reflections on a decade of Global Built  Environment Review (GBER)

 

Tasleem Shakur   

 

8.1  Editorial.pdf

 

                                                                                                   

Commentary    

 

Basil Martin Sullivan: Architectural contributions of a legendary British Architect of Colonial Lahore

 

Abdul Rahman, Rabia Almas, Neelum Naz and Mohammed Arif Khan                                                                              

 

8.1 Commentary.pdf

 

 

Articles    

 

Change and Transformation in Architecture: On the concept of Zeitgeist

 

Serap Durmus

 

8.1 Article 1.pdf

 

The Ghana House Trust in Australia: An Innovation by migrants?        

 

Franklin Obeng-Odoom

 

8.1 Article 2.pdf

 

Monument and Architecture in Shaping Bangladeshi National Identity

Bayezid Choudhury and Peter Armstrong

8.1 Article 3.pdf

 

Book Review

 

The Just City                                                                                                         

 

Tineke Lupi

 

8.1 Book Review.pdf

 

 

Conference and Exhibition Report

 

Culture, Sustainability and the Built Environment: Revisiting Heritage and Vernacular in Economic Decline, 26-27 September 2011, Kuwait University

 

Jamie Halsall

 

8.1Conference Report.pdf

 

Listings

 

 

Reports, Books, Buildings and Conferences                                                      

Muhammed Ali Tirmizi

 

8.1 Listings.pdf