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Global Built Environment Review

an international refereed journal for architecture, planning, development and the environment

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GBER Issue 9.1 September 2014

 

 

Editorial

 

Changing dynamics of the cities, communities and spaces : Reconceptualising urban planning, design and architecture.

Tasleem Shakur   

 

During the last one year or so I attended and contributed to a number of stimulating and thought provoking international workshops/conferences on global built environment related themes, travelling to Doha, Amsterdam, Madinah, Abha, Jeddah, Dhaka, Delhi, Istanbul, Bursa and Kocaeli.  While one should not generalise from short visits to a handful of world cities, however, listening to some of the very recent research findings from experienced research scholars along with a few detailed field visits (including observations and academic cases studies provided by colleagues and fellow students), I tried to develop a couple of conceptual papers based on what I perceived ‘changing dynamics of a few cities, communities and specific spaces’ and its subsequent implications on ‘re-conceptualising urban planning, design and architecture'.

 

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Commentary

 

The morphology of traditional architecture of Jeddah : Climatic design and environmental sustainability.

Mohammad Arif Kamal

 

Abstract

Buildings contribute to environmental problems due to unrestrained consumption of energy and other natural resources during the construction, maintenance and operation of the buildings. Hence the interest on reducing emission of greenhouse gases, caused by fossil fuels to power the cooling and heating requirements of the buildings has stimulated the interest towards climate conscious designs of buildings. The traditional buildings of the past constitute outstanding evidence of being climate responsive architecture. In this paper the author has tried to evaluate various climate responsive passive design features that have been employed in the traditional architecture of Jeddah in hot and humid climate. Mashrabiyas as climatic modifier has been laid emphasis upon. Further, a case of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), a contemporary design paradigm which integrates innovative strategies borrowed from traditional architecture of Saudi Arabia has also been studied.

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Articles

 

Criteria for the selection of architects by first-time clients.

Adedapo Adewunmi Oluwatayo

 

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the research is to answer two questions: Which factors do individual clients consider when selecting an architect for the first time? How does the importance attached to these factors vary with the procurement method?

Design approach: These questions are answered in a questionnaire survey of commissioned architects for recent clients of architects who have residential projects in Lagos, Nigeria. The respondents were asked to rate the importance of certain criteria in their selection of architects.

Findings: A principal component analysis of the variables investigated reveal that the factors that define the selection criteria used by these clients are responsiveness, perceived professional competence, personality, and prominence of the architect. Other factors are acquaintance with the architect and the budget of the client. The most important factor for each procurement method was identified.

Research limitations/ implications: Only the factors within the control of the architect are considered in this study.

Practical implications: The study identified areas that are most important to clients, which architects could improve on to enhance their chances of reaping from the new housing market.

Originality/ value: The study contributes to the body on knowledge on service provider selection by its identification of criteria that private clients consider when they select architect for the first time.

 

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Impact of changing land use pattern on community life : A case study of Dhaka City

Samia Sharmin

 

Abstract

A city is a place that should fulfill dwellers’ personal and spiritual need through proper planning, policy and logical arrangement of urban forms. But, Dhaka, one of the fastest growing cities in the world has been experiencing unplanned development and inconsistent transformation of land use to accommodate its rapidly increasing population over the last few decades. This unplanned growth has created crisis in residential areas and affected adversely the city as well as the community life.Moreover, inefficient planning framework and improper implementation strategies for residential areas; violation of land use policies; and lack of supervision have created uncontrolled change in land use pattern in residential areas and resulted in sharp declination of essential facilities for social cohesiveness and thermal comfort amongst urban dwellers. Based on a field survey and observation, this study focuses on the issue of transformation of land use pattern and its socio-economic impacts on residential areas in a selected urban area. The main objective is to find ways to increase awareness to revise the planning methodology and strategies and to provide some guidelines on land use policy, planning and implementation of plans to create and maintain comfortable living environment and habitable quality in residential areas of Dhaka city.

 

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Knowledge intensive regeneration for knowledge societies and economies.

Yusuf Arayici

 

Abstract

Regeneration is deemed as the enabler to transform for societies from industrial age to knowledge. Knowledge intensive regeneration is one of the latest urban regeneration models, called “Ideopolises”, to make progress and achieve the transformation towards knowledge societies and economies. Unleashing the concealed or internal economic potential of cities and districts is a challenging one in urban regeneration and can be possible by improving the knowledge base, via encouraging enterprising and partnerships between universities and industries, and creating cluster businesses in urban regeneration programmes, in which sustainable communities vision has been very topical in UK’s regeneration experience in the last and current decades. Therefore, it is also necessary to articulate if there is any overlap between ideopolises and sustainable communities approaches. Accordingly, knowledge intensive regeneration approach can be validated or discounted towards its contribution to sustainable communities vision. Thus, paper aims i) to review the knowledge intensive regeneration context with examples around the world, ii) elaborates on the Mediacity case study project in Salford Quays and iii) critically compare the Mediacity project with the Egan wheel to explore its contribution to sustainable communities vision. Analysis from the research shows that the knowledge intensive regeneration can help significantly in achieving sustainable development and through its philosophy of strategic visioning rather than rigid master planning, it can enable continuous iterative development to address economic, physical, environment and social challenges in regeneration.

 

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Book Review

 

 

The Radicals' City : Urban Evironment, Polarisation, Cohesion.

Rachel Hann

 

Architect Bernard Tschumi describes architecture as a ‘violent act’: where the ‘violence’ of architecture is‘a metaphor for the intensity of a relationship between individuals and their surroundings’ (Tschumi 1996: 122). Following his axiom that ‘there is no architecture without event’, Tschumi’s writings are typical of the ‘socio-material’ interests of ‘critical architecture’ that emerged in the 1990s. It is therefore odd that neither Tschumi, nor human geographers such as Doreen Massey (2005) or Edward Soja (1996), are cited within The Radicals’ City. Instead, Ralf Brand and Sara Fregonese’s review of architectural affect and social cohesion is focused on questions of ‘radicalisation’ and ‘polarisation’, as mediated by select urban environments.

 

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Conference Reports

 

26th International Building and Life Fair Congress‘Re-invention of city center’, Bursa,Turkey, April3-5, 2014.

Tulin Vural Arslan, Arzu Cahantimur, Selen Durak, Sibel Polat

 

“26th Building and Life Congress” which focuses on the theme of “Re-invention of City Center” was held in Bursa, Turkey between 3-5 April, 2014. Responsibility for this organization was taken by Chamber of Architects Bursa Branch and Uludag University, Department of Architecture.

 

The Congress primarily is targeted to revealing original values of city centers that are transferred continuously from past to the future. It is known that with de-territorialization and re-terrritorialization beginning towards the end of the last century combined with increased globalization, this century experienced a phenomenal transformation of its built environments. However, some recent research highlight apparent contradictions and hybridity among the traditional and the contemporary global built environments. which has implications on space use, urban planning, design and architecture. Among these, many studies related to investigating potentials and generating solutions to problems of city centers in response to urban spatial segregation come forward. Within this context, The Congress aims to provide a discussion on spatial and social issues that are brought about by the changing life dynamics and to enable the proposals for resolutions.It constituted a platform for the discussions about the resilience of city centers to contemporary life conditions. In this platform, with the participation of both national and international academicians, researchers, local governments’ and non-governmental organizations’ representatives and citizens of Bursa, a multi-dimensional discussion arena about the subject occured.

 

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First International Urban Planning-Architecture Design (UPAD) Congress Kocaeli, Turkey, May 8-11, 2014.

Nevnihal Erdogan and Oya Senyurt

 

UPAD 2014 -1st International Urban Planning-Architecture Design Congress was held on May 8-11 2014 under the presidency of Prof. Dr. Nevnihal Erdoğan, dean of Kocaeli University Architecture and Design Faculty, with participation of all academicians. Congress started with protocol and openining speeches on May 9th Friday at the conference hall of Umuttepe Baki Komsuoğlu and proceeded with 3 forums, 3 panels, round table meeting, 16 parallel sessions, assessment meeting and technical visit. SymbioCity, an establishment developing sustainable urban development models in different regions of the world in scope of Swedish Development Agency, presented its experiences at the round table meeting that was held in scope of UPAD 2014 with participation of public administration representatives, private sector representatives and academicians, in Kocaeli Metroplitan Region. 126 presentations were made in total in the UPAD 2014 Congress. Presentations were made by 36 guest speakers 14 of them from abroad.

 

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